Cattell Culture Fair Intelligence Test
The Culture Fair Intelligence Test (CFIT) was created by Raymond Cattell in 1949 as an attempt to measure cognitive abilities devoid of sociocultural and environmental influences. Scholars have subsequently concluded that the attempt to construct measures of cognitive abilities devoid of the influences of experiential and cultural conditioning is a challenging one. Cattell proposed that general intelligence comprises both Fluid Intelligence and Crystallized Intelligence. Whereas Gf is biologically and constitutionally based, Gc is the actual level of a person’s cognitive functioning, based on the augmentation of Gf through sociocultural and experiential learning (including formal schooling). The most widely used individual tests of cognitive abilities, such as the current editions of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and the Stanford–Binet Intelligence Scale, report cognitive ability scores as “deviation IQs” with 15 and 16 IQ points respectively, corresponding to one standard deviation above or below the mean, Cattell built into the CFIT a standard deviation of 16 IQ points.
An intelligence test in which performance is not based on experience with or knowledge of a specific culture.
What does ‘culture fair‘ mean?
A culture-fair test is test designed to be free of cultural bias, as far as possible, so that no one culture has an advantage over another. The test is designed to not be influenced by verbal ability, cultural climate, or educational level.
What are Culture Fair Intelligence Tests?
The purpose of a culture-fair test is to eliminate any social or cultural advantages, or disadvantages, that a person may have due to their upbringing. The test can be administered to anyone, from any nation, speaking any language. A culture-fair test may help identify learning or emotional problems. The duration of the test varies for the individual types of tests available, but the time is approximately between 12–18 minutes per section (a test usually has two to four sections). A culture-fair test is often administered by employers in order to determine the best location for new employees in a large company. The wide variety of culture-fair tests available allows the administrator to select which area is most vital, whether it be general intelligence, knowledge of a specific area, or emotional stability.
Culture-fair iq testing is a timely issue given current debate over bias in intelligence and educational testing as it affects students who can speak and write English, but who are unfamiliar with white middle-class culture. Bias in intelligence testing has a historical precedent in early tests designed to exclude immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe from admission to the United States on grounds of mental inferiority. Critics of current tests claim that they discriminate against ethnic minorities in similar ways by calling for various types of knowledge unavailable to those outside the middle-class cultural mainstream. To dramatize the discriminatory nature of most intelligence testing, Professor Robert L. Williams devised the Black Intelligence Test of Cultural Homogeneity that requires a command of vocabulary items widely known among African Americans but not familiar to most whites (such as “do rag” and “four corners”) and a knowledge of black history and culture (“Who wrote the Negro National Anthem?”). Williams claimed that the difficulties faced by white persons attempting to take this test are comparable to those that confront many blacks taking standardized IQ tests.
Critics of standardized tests claim that minority test takers are also penalized in ways other than their unfamiliarity with specific facts. A pervasive negative attitude toward such tests may give children from minority groups less motivation than whites to perform well on them, further reduced by low levels of trust in and identification with the person administering the test. In addition, students from a minority culture may be more likely to interpret and answer a question in ways that differ from the prescribed answer. (In the field of educational psychology , this phenomenon is referred to as divergent thinking and also tends to penalize gifted children.) Studies have shown that culture-fair tests do reduce differences in performance between whites and members of minority groups. However, they lag behind the standard tests in predicting success in school, suggesting that in their quest for academic success, members of minority groups must overcome cultural barriers that extend beyond those encountered in IQ tests.
The following IQ test is designed to test non-verbal intelligence while minimizing cultural or educational biases. It’s a culture fair IQ test that will measure your intellectual ability, entertain you infinitely, and tie your brain in a thousand knots! It is based on image patterns, thus avoiding the cultural biases inherent in other intelligence tests. The questions are ordered in terms of difficulty.
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